Written By: UMA Editorial Team |

Published on: November 16, 2023

If you’re familiar with Ayurveda, you’ve likely heard the concept of agni raised in discussions of imbalance, especially when it comes to digestion. Commonly referred to as our digestive fire, a strong agni is essential to overall holistic health.

However, agni also extends beyond just our digestion—the concept encompasses the life force that courses through every part of the body. Sounds important, right? For many, agni can feel like a mystical, hazy concept. Here, we break down some of the fundamentals, exploring the meaning of agni, how it impacts our health and how we can work to strengthen it.


In Ayurveda, agni refers to the fire that governs our health, animating the life that drives all parts of our being. Agni regulates which substances enter our bodies and expels those which are toxic and harmful. Through this process, a strong agni helps us maintain homeostasis and mind and body balance.

However, when agni is impaired, we become more susceptible to the harmful absorption of ama, or toxins. In Ayurveda, it is believed that an impaired agni lies at the root of all imbalance and disease. It is therefore very important to recognize the role agni plays in our health and to do what we can to keep it strong.

Agni is characterized by sharp, hot, penetrating, subtle, spreading and luminous qualities. It is commonly referred to in terms of digestion because its central subtype, jathara agni, controls the digestive assimilation and transmission of nutrients. But there are over 40 subtypes of agni in total, and they govern many other parts of the body, regulating how the nutrients we consume get distributed at each site.

One of the central principles of Ayurveda is that the systems at work within our minds, bodies, spirits and external environments are intimately connected. While agni notably governs digestion, each of the agni subtypes assert influence over each other. On one hand, poor digestion can lead to other bodily ailments or problems. On the other hand, the subtypes of agni also work together to nurture our health—combating imbalance in one area can also help restore vitality to others.


As mentioned earlier, our agni subtypes are part of an intimately interconnected system; as such, agni influences many different aspects of our health and wellbeing. Beyond digestion and assimilation, agni controls the nutrition of our tissues, the appearance of our skin, our mental sharpness and clarity, our emotional state, our overall strength and more.

When agni is balanced, we experience the health and vitality of each of these realms: our skin glows, our digestion is strong, we sleep well and we feel mentally sharp and emotionally content. When agni is imbalanced, we may experience indigestion, bloating, fatigue, illness, insomnia, emotional disturbances and more.


To maintain a balanced agni, it’s important to consume a diet that kindles agni and promotes sattva (or harmony), to keep active and engage in the right kind of exercise, to nurture our mental and emotional health through practices like yoga and journaling, to ensure that we’re getting good sleep and more. In short, living a thoughtful, balanced lifestyle is crucial to stoking agni and promoting overall health and holistic well-being.

Different types of imbalances manifest themselves in different ways in the body. We’ll explore the specifics of some of these imbalances as they relate to agni in the coming weeks. In the meantime, you can explore posts on our blog that can help you remedy some of your own specific ailments. Whether we’re dealing with brain fogirregular periodsback pain or something else, Ayurveda can help guide you toward strengthening agni and finding balance.